Unprocessed FAQ: The Kitchen Test

Julia Child's Kitchen

We’re just a few weeks away from the start of the October Unprocessed challenge!  If you haven’t taken the pledge yet, please check it out and then come back here and keep reading.

I get asked a lot of questions about how to define “unprocessed,” and how my definition applies to specific ingredients and foods. I’ve previously published a series of Frequently Asked Questions posts – I’ll be re-publishing them over the next few weeks to bring them to the top of the pile and help everyone prepare for this year’s challenge.

The Kitchen Test

Because there are always so many questions about how to apply my “Kitchen Test,” let’s take a quick look at it:

Unprocessed food is any food that could be made by a person with reasonable skill in a home kitchen with whole-food ingredients.

The Kitchen Test is how I define “unprocessed.” It works well for me, and many people find it works well for them, too. But it may not fit with your definition of “unprocessed,” and that’s totally okay. In fact, I encourage disagreement and discussion, since that’s the best way for us to learn together.

I also recognize that the Kitchen Test isn’t perfect.  My goal here isn’t perfection – it’s more to spark a dialogue, increasing awareness about how our food is made, what we’re putting into our bodies, and how we relate to our food.

Whole-Food Ingredients

The Kitchen Test doesn’t mean that you have to make the food. Nor does it mean that you necessarily need to be able to make the food (you don’t have to be Julia Child!). It just requires that the food could be made in a home kitchen by someone who knows what they’re doing, using whole-food ingredients.

So we also have to define “Whole-Food Ingredients.”

I start by trying to figure out if I could grow/create/produce that ingredient at home, at least in theory. If the answer is yes, then it’s good to go. But if it’s made through an industrial or complicated chemical process that couldn’t be done in a kitchen (however you define “kitchen”), or could only be made “in a laboratory,” then it’s out.

The big idea, ultimately, is to consider each ingredient in your food: How it’s produced, where it comes from, and whether its benefits outweigh its detriments.

We’ll talk more about specific ingredients over the next few weeks, but in the meantime, just remember that anything you could make at home, from ingredients that you could produce at home, will pass the test.

Packaged Foods

While cooking from scratch is obviously the ideal choice, it’s not always feasible or practical. Most people (myself included!) are not going to prepare everything from scratch, especially if you’ve got a job, school, kids, pets, or are traveling…

So what to do when you buy packaged food?  The answer is simply to consider every ingredient separately.

My favorite example is comparing two “energy bars.”  Here are the ingredients for the PowerBar Chocolate Peanut Butter Crisp*:

GLUCOSE SYRUP, RICE AND SOY CRISPS (RICE FLOUR, SOY PROTEIN ISOLATE, ALKALIZED COCOA), CHOCOLATE FLAVORED COATING (SUGAR, FRACTIONATED PALM KERNEL OIL, COCOA, WHEY, NONFAT MILK, SOY LECITHIN, NATURAL FLAVOR), WHOLE OATS (CONTAINS WHEAT), ROASTED PEANUTS, SOY PROTEIN ISOLATE, OLIGOFRUCTOSE (FROM CHICORY ROOT), PEANUT BUTTER (PEANUTS, SALT), RICE CRISPS (MILLED RICE, SUGAR, SALT, MALTED BARLEY), INULIN (FROM CHICORY ROOT), VEGETABLE GLYCERIN, AND LESS THAN 2% OF: CALCIUM PHOSPHATE, SOY LECITHIN, SUGAR, NATURAL FLAVOR, POTASSIUM PHOSPHATE, SALT, GROUND ALMONDS, ASCORBIC ACID (VITAMIN C), FERROUS FUMARATE (IRON), BUTTER (CREAM), PYRIDOXINE HYDROCHLORIDE (VITAMIN B6), THIAMIN HYDROCHLORIDE (VITAMIN B1), RIBOFLAVIN (VITAMIN B2).

* The ingredients list has changed slightly since I first posted this list four years ago, and it’s a perfect example to see the subtle ways even ingredient names are changed to seem better. They previously called the first ingredient “corn syrup” instead of “glucose syrup.” Likely the exact same stuff, but it seems people no longer like to see  “corn syrup” (whether or not it’s “high fructose”), and especially not at the top of the list.  The “Soy Crisps” are now “Rice and Soy Crisps” – even though there was rice flour in them before.  “Barley Malt” became “Malted Barley” (sounds more wholesome, doesn’t it?), and the “Chocolate Flavored Coating” used to be called “Chocolatey Coating.” Yum. Oh, and they’ve also dropped “Triple Threat” from the name, whatever that meant.

I’ve bolded any ingredients that I’m pretty sure you can’t make at home (some of these are debatable, but I’ll leave that for the next few posts).  Compare that to the ingredients of a Cashew Cookie Larabar:

CASHEWS, DATES.

I’m absolutely certain that a person with average skills could make something comparable to the Larabar in his or her kitchen.  But the PowerBar?  Not so much.

(Since I originally wrote this post, General Mills bought Lara and started introducing new varieties — including “natural flavors” in some of them. The “Uber” bars also used brown rice syrup, which is a concentrated sugar that you probably couldn’t make at home. However, they’ve since “retired” the Uber bars, and it looks like all of their products once again pass the Kitchen Test. Hooray!)

Restaurant Foods

Eating out is probably the hardest part of the challenge. Since you don’t know the ingredients, you just have to do the best you can. Some dishes are more likely to pass the kitchen test. Here are some strategies I use — if you have other suggestions, please share them in the comments:

  • Talk to your waiter. It’s totally okay to tell your waiter that you’re eating only unprocessed food, and ask him or her questions about the food they serve. You’re about to put it in your body – you have every right to know what it is. If the waiter doesn’t know, ask to speak with the Chef. Just remember to be friendly and polite.
  • Avoid large, chain restaurants. They often have lots of additives, stabilizers, conditioners, and preservatives in their foods (since they’re rarely made fresh). Obviously that’s a generalization, but you’re usually better off at a small, family- or chef-owned restaurant.
  • Find a local, “farm to table” restaurant, if you can. More and more like-minded restaurants are popping up all over the country, so seek them out… and let them know about the challenge!
  • A Fresh Salad is usually a good choice. It’s the dressing you’ve got to watch out for. A good choice is Olive Oil and Balsamic Vinegar, both of which pass the Kitchen Test.
  • Pasta may pass the test — if it’s made with unbleached, unenriched flour (if you can find 100% whole wheat pasta at a restaurant, you’ll be in good shape). Then you just need to ask about the ingredients in the sauce. Olive oil and garlic, anyone?
  • Cooked Vegetables usually work well.
  • If you eat meat, that’s usually a good choice, depending on how it’s prepared. (Again, watch the sauce.)
  • Tofu and tempeh usually pass the kitchen test. (Seitan is a gray area… You could make seitan at home from wheat flour, but at the commercial level it’s usually made with vital wheat gluten).

The Deliberate Exception Clause

I encourage you to consider exceptions, if any, you will make to your definition of unprocessed. The idea is to decide on any exceptions before we start, if possible.  It’s not there for you to use your exceptions as a way to cheat in the moment. Instead, it’s about making an informed decision, in advance, about a particular food.

For example, Matty and I have decided that Vital Wheat Gluten is an acceptable ingredient for us, because we’d rather eat whole grain bread (preferably baked ourselves) that is made with some extra gluten, than to eat bread made with refined grains. We carefully considered it in advance, and decided that the “pros” outweighed the “cons.”

It’s also okay to make an exception for something you feel you need to do to make it possible for you to complete the challenge at all. For example, maybe you’re a five-cans-of-soda-a-day person (like I once was), and have decided that for October, you’re going to limit yourself to just one can of soda each day.

Remember that this is fundamentally an awareness exercise, and ultimately, you need to do what’s right for you, and what’s going to work for you.

If you haven’t taken the October Unprocessed pledge yet, please do!  And then encourage your friends to join in — it’s a lot more fun that way!

October Unprocessed 2016

Photo of Julia Child’s kitchen at Smithsonian Museum of American History by Jeffrey Keeton, used under Creative Commons License.

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68 Comments on "Unprocessed FAQ: The Kitchen Test"

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Susan Wright
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because of you many years ago you started this. I do it every day. We are now on a plant based diet and I cook everything and we don’t eat out. But you started me on this and now I do it all the time, thanks to you its no longer a challenge its just normal and routine. Thanks Andrew. I go to five stores to get my organic and no processed foods to make something.

Isa
Guest

It’s true that when it becomes a “habit”, it is just normal and routine, and with no effort! It’s the way of life thing. We are lucky to be able to buy ingredients in bulk which reduces unnecessary packaging waste.

LiztheChef
Guest

After my husband’s heart attack in 2011, going as unprocessed as we can improved both our blood chemistry(s). Excited to help promote the unprocessed challenge next month!

Christine
Guest

Im back in for another year. It’s been a rollarcoaster ride since last year and I’ve recently started a new job where I have access to a fridge and microwave instead of being out onthe community all the time. I’m also packing lunch for my daughter and this has been foremost in my mind.

Kendra
Guest

Thank you! this is going to make October simpler for me. Can’t wait!

FitProLisa
Guest

I was afraid that you were going to say we had to be able to cook it in *that* kitchen, the kitchen in the photo!

Vickie
Guest

I’d love love love too..love kitchen tools and gadgets..that kitchen is set to go!

Mollie@Kitchen Accessories
Guest

I’m a working mother and as much as possible I am avoiding processed food I’m going to serve in my family. I’m healthy concious so I’m make sure I serve healthy food for them.

Teneille
Guest

Hi, for those of you who want to understand whole foods better, I’d recommend Joel Fuhrmun’s book ‘Eat to live’. He also has DVDs avaible which you can get. I just watched eating like a Nutritarian and it’s really good. YouTube has stuff too. Good luck everybody!

Isa
Guest
My goal is to avoid processed as well as packaged foods. Every packaged food has gone through a series of process which not only reduced nutrition, changed taste, but also added ecological burden to the earth. In October, and as in other 11 months, a home-cooked meal is my preference (cook from scratch), which occurs 85-90% of the time. I am lucky that my partner and I both cook and share the same eating/cooking philosophy. Our farmer’s market lasts till late October, but even in winter, local farmers still bring few seasonal items to the market. We enjoy simple meals, as long as they are fresh, seasonal, tasty, nutritious and beautiful to look at; “farm-to-table” is a norm in our household — not an expensive, trendy “experience” at restaurants. On weekends, we elaborate a little and make fancy stuff. We also cook extras and take them for lunch.
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