Discovering the Greek Diet (and Black-Eyed Peas with Fennel)

A Glimpse of Greece

Homer, from “The Odyssey” wrote: “There’s a place in the middle of the wine-dark sea called Crete, a lovely, fruitful land surrounded by sea.”

Growing up in a Greek household I never heard the word “diet” or a discussion about anyone’s weight.  I looked up the word in my Greek dictionary and it said, “diaita.” So the ancient Greek word for diet meant ‘’way of living’’ in general and was not referring to the dietary needs and habits of the people. Instead it has to do with the type of lifestyle we live – work, sleep, friends, social activities, community, and place of living.  The Greek cuisine today continues to be celebrated through religious beliefs, customs, and a simplified lifestyle.

As kids we ate whatever our relatives prepared, only one meal that was fresh and simply made. Today, those dishes have become our comfort food that we serve to our family. By the way, growing up in San Diego there were 11 cousins plus some, and our household was always buzzing with relatives and neighbors. You know the old saying, everyone in the Greek community is related to one another, so you guessed it, we never had an empty home.

Mary Papoulias-Platis Family Portrait

As I prepared myself for this project I read so much research these past few weeks, that I actually started dreaming in Greek again. This happens to me when I first return home from a long trip to the old country.  Right?

Let’s get down to facts about the Greek diet, their eating habits and lifestyle:

  • If you have the following 6 ingredients in your kitchen you’re on your way to cooking Greek: Extra-virgin olive oil, tomatoes, garlic, lemons, oregano, and feta.
  • Create a vegetable garden or shop locally at farmers market.
  • Cook at home as often as possible.
  • Sit down at the table and eat together.

Why is this diet so healthy for us? This was answered repeatedly throughout the several studies I examined. Overall, the people of Crete were chosen to be studied because it was determined they had the lowest death rate among the Greeks.

Here’s a short overview of what I found.

The dietary pattern of the Cretans shows a number of protective substances:

  • A balanced ratio of essential fatty acids in their diet
  • High amounts of fiber
  • Antioxidants (resveratrol from wine)
  • Polyphenols (from olive oil)
  • High levels of Vitamins E and C
  • Levels of  Selenium (mineral) and Glutathione (antioxidant)

How to eat like a Cretan in the U.S.

  1. EAT GREENS: They found 70 types of greens in Crete, 10 times the level of antioxidants in green tea or wine.
  2. DRINK HERBAL TEA: Include herbal teas, 5-6 times a day.
  3. USE HERBS: Substitute fresh herbs and spices instead of salts to flavor foods.
  4. SEVEN or MORE SERVINGS A DAY of antioxidant-rich fruits and vegetables.
  5. DAILY handful of nuts.
  6. USE OLIVE OIL as the main source of added fat.
  7. EAT FOODS high in fatty acids: mackerel, trout, herring, sardines, albacore tuna, salmon, walnuts, flax seeds, and green leafy vegetables.
  8. REDUCE meat consumption, use grass-fed meat.
  9. SELECT yogurt and cheese from sheep or goat’s milk.
  10. INCLUDE fatty acids in every meal, even breakfast. (for ex. walnuts and figs)
  11. RAISE A GLASS OF WINE: In moderation as a dinner drink, or try fresh purple grape juice.

The original Greek diet I’m referring to is prior to 1960. Why 1960?  Soon after, the fast food industry became integrated into Greece and it soon changed many of the eating habits in their country.

“Be Greek, Take the Time”

  1. Walk more often and stay active with gardening, household cleaning, biking and daily physical activity.
  2. Eat with others. This diet recognizes the importance of enjoying meals with family and friends.
  3. Take short naps at least five times a week.
  4. Be social, attend community functions, play cards, take a walk with friends.

This recipe is commonly found in Greek family dinners. If you’re unable to find black-eyed peas you may substitute with small white beans, lentils, or rice.

Black-Eyed Peas with Fennel

Black-Eyed Peas with Fennel
4.5 from 8 votes

Black-Eyed Peas with Fennel

This recipe is commonly found in Greek family dinners. If you’re unable to find black-eyed peas you may substitute with small white beans, lentils, or rice.
Course Entree
Cuisine Greek
Prep Time 5 minutes
Cook Time 25 minutes
Total Time 30 minutes
Yield 6 people
Calories 372 kcal
Author Mary Papoulis-Platis


  • 1 pound dried black-eyed peas or canned beans
  • ¼ cup extra virgin olive oil
  • ¾ pound finely chopped fennel
  • 1 medium onion finely chopped
  • 1 pound tomatoes coarsely chopped
  • salt and pepper to taste


  1. Place the black-eyed peas in a saucepan, cover with water, and bring to a boil.

  2. Reduce the heat to a low simmer and cook for 15 minutes. Drain.
  3. Heat olive oil in a large saucepan and sauté the fennel and onion until softened.
  4. Stir in the tomatoes and simmer for 10 minutes. Serve warm.

About the Author

Cooking Techniques with Olive OilMary Papoulias-Platis is currently teaching culinary in the San Diego area. Mary also keeps busy as a culinary teacher, cookbook author, and recipe developer. She has written her first book, Cooking Techniques and Recipes with Olive Oil. Mary teaches, speaks, and writes about the Greek lifestyle and diet, and teaches olive oil tasting, having completed the program at U.C Davis as a certified “Olive Oil Taster.” She recently completed her Plant-Based Culinary Program.  Author and creator of the long-standing cooking blog, California Greek Girl, you can also find Mary on Facebook and Twitter.

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Jim Nikolopoulos
Jim Nikolopoulos
October 22, 2012 4:07 pm

5 stars
This is exactly how we’ve been raised by our Greek parents and that has followed through today on how I feed and raise my children. Those same 6 imgredients posted are the ones in my home at all times (I keep Valbresso, French Feta by the way). I just made your black-eyed peas with fennel recipe and it was thavma!

Mary Papoulias-Platis
October 29, 2012 3:02 pm

Thank-you Jim! I’m sure your family is staying healthy and active with all the great food your feeding them! Yassou!

October 22, 2012 9:07 am

Just home from a short tour in the Peloponessos (with a great coffee in Andritsena for example) I really enjoyed your post! Lovely pictures and sweet advice – especially the one about the regular naps 🙂

Mary Papoulias-Platis
October 29, 2012 3:12 pm
Reply to  Jessica

You traveled in a great area of Greece where produce is readily available! Do take a short 10 minute rest everyday for that boost!
Thank-you for the kind remarks!

October 21, 2012 1:17 pm

I recently found flash-frozen black-eyed peas, in a plastic bag in the grocery frozen-veg. section. If you’ve disliked black-eyed peas because the canned ones taste like dirt, try these! They taste like, well, beans – their own variation of the black/pinto/cannelli bean flavor. I’m not crazy about the plastic, but since I currently have no garden, fresh black-eyed peas are pretty rare in the grocery, and now that I know how many cans have bisphenol-A . . .

Mary Papoulias-Platis
October 29, 2012 3:10 pm
Reply to  Sandy

Great news Sandy! They are hard to find in some areas. Eden Foods has them in the can and I find them safe and a reliable brand. Melissa’s also has them cooked ready to go! Thanks for the helpful comments!

Cathy @ She Paused 4 Thought
October 21, 2012 11:28 am

5 stars
I love the photos! This article is such a good reminder how easy it is to eat healthy. Thanks!

Leslie Macchiarella
October 21, 2012 11:18 am

5 stars
I love your “Be Greek, Take the Time”! AND I love the way you listed a starter set of ingredients for Greek cooking. I’m all over that. 🙂

October 21, 2012 10:56 am

This looks wonderful and what do you know I have all those ingredients to hand! Look forward to making this!

October 21, 2012 10:32 am

5 stars
This is both a beautifully written and incredibly informative post – wonderful, Mary!

Stacy Spensley
October 21, 2012 10:15 am

Love this, Mary. Today I learned that dining in a group actually raises oxytocin levels! All the more reason to sit down to dinner with friends and family. =)

October 21, 2012 9:02 am

And don’t forget another key Mediterranean/Greekt/Cretan Diet “rule:” Sweets are a Treat. As a part-time resident of Crete, we find that North Maerican-style sweets such as cake and pastries are very rare and only eaten at special occasions. Otherwise, an occasional small bite or two (at most) of a sweet such as halva, spoon fruit, or fresh fruit is the only dessert we have.

Mary Papoulias-Platis
October 21, 2012 9:36 am
Reply to  Maureen

Yes Maureen,
You are absolutely right! Dessert has always been fresh fruit, grapes, oranges, melons…oh memories of the “watermelon” truck waking us up early on Saturday mornings in Tripoli!

October 21, 2012 7:46 am

My own memories as a student tourist in the Cyclades includes much freshly landed Red Mullet.

I like BlackEyed. That’s a nice recipe. I shall use it, but add a pound of newly thawed “white fish” to the mix.

Slainte (Health)

Mary Papoulias-Platis
October 21, 2012 9:34 am
Reply to  LeonRover

Red Mullet is one of the staples and I just love it grilled with a touch of extra-virgin olive oil and lemon!