Eating Rules reader Swati Rane recently asked me for some ideas on how to eat healthfully at a salad bar. I’ve written before that buffets can be challenging; considering that the split-second decisions you make when loading up your plate can mean the difference between a healthful, nutritious (and still delicious!) meal and one that has calories in the 4-digit range, this is certainly a topic well worth discussing.
Just about every salad bar starts with some sort of leafy greens. Choose the darkest ones you can find, which usually means spinach or field greens. Romaine or red leaf lettuce are decent options as well. Iceberg lettuce is the last resort, though yes, it’s still better than nothing.
Next you’ll likely see the best foods to put on top of those greens. Any fresh, unprocessed, raw fruits or vegetables are excellent choices. (Think cabbage not cole slaw, potatoes not potato salad.)
As you move down the line, watch out for canned veggies such as olives, pepperoncinis, or green beans. They tend to add a lot of sodium, so if you add these, please do so sparingly.
It’s best to avoid the prepared salads — they usually have a lot of mayonnaise or other oils. If you think you can’t live without that tuna/egg/potato/pasta salad, consider putting a dollop of that on top of everything else, and skipping any other dressing.
Regarding those little crunchy toppings: Yes, croutons are delicious. Sadly, they lack any redeeming nutritional benefits. They’ll be made with refined grains, salt, and oil. If you want some crunch on your salad, consider sprinkling some seeds or nuts on top instead. (Bell peppers, jicama, cucumbers, and celery all give good crunch, too!).
Load these on your plate as high as you want!
Any fresh, unprocessed, raw fruit
Any fresh, unprocessed, raw vegetables
These are where you’ll get most of your protein — which will help keep you feeling fuller longer. However, the calories, fat, and sodium can add up quickly, so it’s best to choose these in smaller amounts.
Seeds or nuts
Cheese (Blue cheese or Feta are flavorful choices, which means you won’t need as much. However, avoid those — and cottage cheese — if you’re concerned about sodium).
Grilled Chicken (not chicken salad)
Tuna (not tuna salad)
Tofu (plain and raw, not fried)
Garbanzo, Kidney, or other Beans (Likely to be high in sodium)
Limit (or skip) These Choices
The prepared salads often have a lot of mayonnaise or oils. I put the others on this list because they’re likely to be high in sodium.
Prepared salad (Such as Pasta Salad, Potato Salad, Tuna Salad, Egg Salad, or Cole Slaw)
Any canned fruit or veggies (Think green beans, mandarin orange slices, “baby” corn)
Jalapeno Slices (If you’re lucky enough to find fresh jalapeño, not canned, go for it!)
Raisins (Calorie dense; a few are okay though!)
Those little sesame stick cracker thingies
Yogurt (Most likely flavored/sweetened)
And then there’s the dressing.
The dressing you drizzle on your delectable dinner can make all the difference. One ladle’s worth of ranch dressing (or any other creamy dressing) can easily add 200 calories, 25 grams of fat, and 300mg of sodium (and no fiber).
Instead, a far better choice is balsamic vinegar and olive oil. If that’s not an option, check to see if they have any low-fat options. They’ll likely be significantly higher in sodium and sugar — but they probably won’t have as many calories.
Don’t like the watery-ness of balsamic? Try mixing together a little olive oil, vinegar, and mustard in a small cup or bowl. The mustard will act as emulsifier, binding the oil and vinegar. You’ll get a creamy and delicious balsamic dressing, with just three ingredients!
(The “classic” ratio is 3 parts oil to 1 part vinegar. However, I usually mix them in a ratio closer to 1 to 1, give or take. It depends on the type of vinegar, as well as your personal preference. Just remember that less oil means fewer calories.)
Another strategy is to keep your dressing on the side. Before each bite, dip your fork into the cup of dressing, and then scoop your food up. You’ll get a little taste of the dressing with each bite, and end up eating a lot less of the stuff. (Personally, I prefer to drizzle just a small amount of dressing over the entire salad — but a lot of folks like the fork-dip technique.)
The bottom line on dressing? Avoid any creamy dressings like ranch, blue cheese, caesar, thousand island, or green goddess, and go easy on whatever dressing you do choose.
Menu Mondays are my recommendations for the most healthful options at chain restaurants. Although it may be tough to find “perfect” options when eating out, it’s important to choose “better” whenever possible, and I hope these guides will help make that easier for you.
You may also be interested in my HomeTown Buffet Review, which discusses The Psychology of Buffets.
Photo by Jason Yung.