How to Make Bone Broth

How to Make Bone Broth

It’s been a very full couple of weeks since I last wrote about Molly. I’m pleased to report that she’s doing well. We have had good days and bad days, but thankfully this week has been more good than bad.

After my last post, a few helpful readers suggested removing the rice from her diet. I had been thinking the chicken was possibly an issue (it’s the most common food sensitivity for dogs), but since more than one person pointed out that grains (even “bland” rice) could be hard for her to digest, I took heed and swapped it out for canned Organic pumpkin instead. That seemed to be a good move (Thanks, team!).

We also decided to get a second opinion. Another reader, Sharon, suggested we reach out to Dr. Mona Rosenberg, head of the Veterinary Cancer Group. We had a great consultation — she’s clearly brilliant — but unfortunately, she pretty much agreed with Dr. Chretin’s diagnosis and potential treatment options. The bottom line, from a “Western Medicine” viewpoint is that Molly has a rare cancer and it’s not well-studied, so we just don’t know how it’s likely to react to various treatments. Either of the “best” options (chemotherapy or an anti-angiogenesis drug) might have a decent shot at slowing the cancer down, but if we had to put a number on it, it’s something like 50/50 odds of either one doing much good at all. And of course both options come with possible side effects and a high price tag.

While pondering the options, I also asked Dr. Rosenberg if she could recommend a good holistic veterinarian. Without a  moment’s hesitation, she sent me to Dr. Richard Palmquist, at the Centinela Animal Hospital. He’s a past-President of the American Holistic Veterinary Medical Association (and is still on the board of directors). She said he’s “The” guy to see, and even though it’ll probably take a couple of weeks to get an appointment, he’s worth the wait.

The next day I called to make an appointment. The planets aligned, and he had an opening for the next morning!

Dr. Palmquist talks quickly, with an intense, radiant energy and enthusiasm. He started our consultation by playing with Molly for a couple of minutes, and he immediately sensed her intelligence. She liked him, too. He clearly has a way with animals.

I particularly like that he uses both Western and Eastern medicine. After reviewing her records, he posited that the cancer is a result of the digestion issues she’s been having for so long. It makes perfect sense — the organs where the cancer started (pancreas) and metastasized (liver) both primarily help with digestion. So the thinking is that we need to heal her digestive system before we do anything else.

He prescribed two herbal pills (in addition to her current meds, not instead of them): “Six Gentlemen Tea Pills” to help her digestion, and Xue Fu Zhu Yu Tang, to help fight the cancer. My marching orders were to start her on the Six Gentlemen now, and six days later on the other pills, and come back in three weeks.  As soon as I got home I got started.

The next day, she had another bout of both diarrhea and vomiting. It may have been a coincidence, or it may have been that she just wasn’t ready for the Six Gentlemen yet. In any event, we needed to rethink her food. Dr. Palmquist also wanted to steer her away from chicken (it’s a “hot” food in Eastern medicine — not good for the digestion), and we both wanted to get her away from the Gerber Ham Baby Food. He suggested turkey or pork, and I figured that since she liked the pink-slime-ham so much, we should try pork first.

His other suggestion was to give her bone broth. Many of my paleo and grain-free and real food friends have been singing bone broth’s nutritional praises for a long time now*, and it seemed so simple it was brilliant, like the answer was staring us in the face all along!

I’m a big fan of our electric pressure cooker, so I asked Dr. Palmquist if I could use it instead of the 6-hour-plus simmer time he recommended. He told me “There some magic stuff in those bones, we don’t know exactly what it is, but slow cooking seems important.”

So, slow-cooking it shall be.

I have made chicken stock with leftover chicken carcasses before, but I wasn’t sure if “bone broth” was something different, so I asked Dr. Palmquist how to make bone broth. Turns out, as long as you’ve got lots of bones in the pot, and you simmer it for hours and hours (longer for bigger bones), you’re making bone broth!

Molly devoured the chicken broth — I’ve never seen her drink that fast. Clearly, another good sign that we’re on the right track.

However, she’s been really itchy since we started the pork & bone broth combination. It could be the pork, but more likely it’s the “concentrated” chicken broth. So we’re switching to beef broth. Matty picked up about four pounds of “Step 4” (Pastured and Grass-Fed) Beef Bones from our Whole Foods butcher, and yesterday I started a huge batch of beef broth.**

Molly seems to like it as well, so here’s hoping this will soothe her itching, ease and improve her digestion, and get her back on the path of wellness for as long as possible.

How to Make Bone Broth
Author: 
Recipe Type: Soup
Prep Time: 
Cook Time: 
Total Time: 
Serves/Yield: Makes about 4 quarts
 
Bone broth is one of those recipes that's going to be a little different every time, and that's just fine. Use whatever bones you have on hand (or get from your butcher), but I strongly recommend you always start with bones from pastured, humanely and sustainably raised animals.

For Molly, I didn't add any vegetables or seasonings, other than bay leaves and vinegar, since we want to keep it as simple as possible for her right now. But for you, I'd suggest adding vegetables, herbs, and spices - a few options are noted in the recipe below.

This recipe can be made on the stove or in a slow-cooker -- but don't try to speed the process with a pressure cooker. The vinegar helps leach out additional nutrients from the bones, and the bay leaves, according to Dr. Palmquist, are "antibacterial and anti-inflammatory, and drain the lymphatic system."
Ingredients
The Basics
  • 2 to 3 pounds of bones
  • 4 to 6 quarts filtered water
  • 2 bay leaves
  • ¼ cup Apple Cider vinegar
Veggies
  • 2 carrots
  • 2 celery stalks
  • 1 onion, chopped in large chunks (omit for dogs)
  • ½ teaspoon whole peppercorns (omit for dogs)
  • spring of rosemary and/or thyme
  • salt, to taste (can add after cooking, omit for dogs)
Instructions
  1. In the largest pot you own (or in your slow-cooker), add the bones, bay leaves, and vinegar. Fill with water.
  2. Bring to a boil, and then skim off any foam that comes to the surface. Turn heat to the lowest possible setting on your stove or slow-cooker, and cover.
  3. Let simmer for at least 6 hours and up to 72 hours. The larger the bones, the longer you'll want to go. If you're losing a lot of water to evaporation, it's okay to top off with a little extra boiling water.
  4. Allow to cool, and then skim the fat off the top and discard. Strain and pour into jars to store. If storing in the fridge, use within a few days, or store in the freezer for several months.
Notes
For determining quantity, you'll need to let experience and personal preference be your guide. As a general starting point, figure about two pounds of bones per gallon of water.

Two tips for storing in the freezer: First, you can freeze some in ice-cube trays and then you'll have some small amounts ready-to-go when you need them. Second, if it's at room temperature, you can pour into a zip-top bag and freeze flat in the bag -- just be sure the bag is sealed very well!

* When people start extolling one particular food’s virtues for myriad symptoms, that should definitely be a red flag. Although I think it’s likely highly nutritious, keep in mind that bone broth is not a complete cure-all.

** For those of you curious about the nitty-gritty details of Molly’s food: Right now we’re giving her very small meals, four or five times a day, consisting of about 1/2 cup ground pork (cooked in a skillet, fat drained, and then shredded in a food processor), 2 tablespoons Organic pumpkin, and about 1/2 cup of broth. I’m also giving her metoclopramide three times a day to help her motility (crushing the pills and mixing with some broth), and ondansetron in the mornings to help with any potential nausea or vomiting. We may reintroduce omeprazole to help with acid reflux, but I’m holding off for now. Once she’s stable for a few more days — and pooping again! — we may try the Six Gentlemen again, but a little slower this time.

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23 Comments on "How to Make Bone Broth"

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Eileen
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Eileen
March 19, 2015 9:37 am

Do you use raw bones for bone broth or are ones that are leftover from cooking okay?

DAWN RENEE
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DAWN RENEE
March 19, 2015 10:05 am

My understanding from my friend who makes bone broth for herself to drink is that raw bones are needed. I went and bought some myself to start making bone broth.

Sara Thompson
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March 19, 2015 9:58 am

Do you know if this can be pressure canned and not lose all the nutritional benefit?

DAWN RENEE
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DAWN RENEE
March 19, 2015 10:08 am

Andrew, if I also understand correctly doing this in a crockpot or slowcooker is an easy way to go and still accomplish the long cooking needed right? I thought it would be easier than on the stove and also would not loose moisture as quickly.

Debbie
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Debbie
March 19, 2015 11:07 am

My cat has had renal failure for a few years, and his coat got very dull. He was pulling out his fur and scratching a lot. I found a website for cats with CRF that suggested slippery elm bark powder, and it’s been a game-changer. His coat is wonderfully soft now and he doesn’t lick and scratch at all any more. According to the website, 1/8 to 1/4 (0.125-0.25) of a teaspoon of the organic or wild-crafted slippery elm bark powder once or twice a day. She prefers powder to capsules. You might try it and see if it helps Molly.

patty
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patty
March 27, 2015 8:01 pm

Waiting for results for our 11 year old rescue cat..might be renal..I will be using slow cooker for bone broth..her coat is dull like you describe in your cat..I will add slippery elm.
I saw molly the other day and her coat is beautiful.
Thank you for this info all..

Jamey Bennett
Member
March 19, 2015 11:59 am

Awesome stuff, Andrew. I applaud you for thinking outside the box. As you know, I swapped out cheese steaks for bone broth some time ago, and love it. The nutritional benefits for canines and humans is incredible, and you’re going to get the best bang for your buck out of those grass-fed bones. I hope the best for Molly, and don’t forget to sip some broth yourself! It’s a superfood!

Wendy
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Wendy
March 19, 2015 12:11 pm

I just made this a few days ago for myself and my dogs but forgot to leave out the onions. Dogs should NOT have onions or garlic! Oops. I’ll do another batch soon for them.

Patricia
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Patricia
March 19, 2015 12:32 pm

Can bone broth help people also?

Dawn Renee'
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Dawn Renee'
March 19, 2015 12:51 pm

Absolutely it helps people with so many issues! My friend drinks it faithfully and it has helped her with a bunch of issues. She also got me making keifer and kambucha and I can tell a big difference when I don’t drink those in my own health. My dog’s love the keifer too 🙂 now we are going to make and start bone broth. Next up is fermenting Vegis!

Dawn Renee'
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Dawn Renee'
March 19, 2015 12:52 pm

Andrew have you also checked into tumeric? I have heard it’s amazing for cancer.

Barb Juden
Guest
March 19, 2015 1:45 pm

Wish I was your dog. I admire your kindness and goodness to your dog

Tamara
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Tamara
March 19, 2015 5:30 pm

I’m continuing to pray for Molly and her health.

Jessica
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Jessica
March 19, 2015 10:17 pm

It’s so lovely to hear what an amazing job you are doing caring for your dog. I hope Molly does amazing on her treatments and you get more time with her than expected:) she is lucky your family adopted her and I can tell how much joy she brings.

Penelope
Guest
March 20, 2015 9:24 am

Hi Andrew, I am so glad you found the broth! I have not idea why I didn’t think of suggesting it. I feed my dogs broth made of duck carcases. I had a very allergic dog and read somewhere that duck is a good choice. I add lemon juice and cook it in the slow cooker overnight, sometimes add some seaweed and some turmeric and other therapeutic spices and herbs and sometimes mix it with stinging nettle. I’m always asked what I feed my dogs…I know how special that broth is! I have it and the family has it regularly – It is real traditional magic food we have forgotten about.
thanks so much for these posts and such care and love for molly, she could not have a better home! I wish Molly well

Greg Henry
Member
April 6, 2015 5:13 pm

That’s good dog food! I’d even eat it. GREG

Mindi
Guest
Mindi
September 22, 2015 7:30 am

Would it be safe to use a mix of cooked and uncooked bones? I

Letty Regan
Guest
December 18, 2015 8:36 am

In humans the Ondansetron has the side affect of severe headaches. If Molly is a bit lethargic for a few hours after she gets this it might not be nausea but pain keeping her down. Just an FYI.

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